Any type of knee injury can have an effect on the surrounding ligaments. It can also effect the fluid-filled sacs known as bursae. The bursae surrounds the knee joints.
When you have a hyper-extended knee, it means that your knee has been bent out of shape the wrong way. What happens is that it then will bend backwards on itself. The damage can either be mild or severe. The hyper extended knee can also lead to a ligament tearing that is only partial, or total. Causes of a hyper extended knee can come from doing gymnastics and landing the wrong way, any accident that involves knee injury, or movement to the knee joint that is going in the opposite direction.
The usual symptoms of a hyper extended knee are felt right away a lot of times. Common symptoms are:
1. A pop in the knee area
2. Pain in the knee both on the sides and backs
3. Swelling at the site which happens soon after the injury.
4. Symptoms that linger will be pain and also your knee may look as though it was deformed.
When you have this injury, getting a pair of crutches right away will help to take the pressure off from trying to walk. This will help matters until the extent of the knee injury is known. Doctors will look at:
1. Medical background
2. The knee will be examined
3. MRI scans will be done and x-rays. The MRI scan is even more helpful than an xray since it gives the exact place of injury to the knee.
After assessing the knee damages, treatment will be in forms of some physical therapy to help gain motion back into the knee. A knee brace is also helpful too, since it helps to put the knee joint back into place and straighten it out again.
After the initial knee injury, applying a cold pack or ice may help ease the shock of pain.
Resting the knee is also very important and elevating the knee may help swelling issues.
Compression may be recommended which means the prevention of fluid buildup. You can get a compression bandage that fits your needs and doesn’t cut off circulation.
Taking anti-inflammatory drugs can help reduce the pains. This can include aspirin, Motrin, Ibuprofen,or Aleve.
If the ligament is torn, then surgery is the next option. Healing takes at least 6 months and up to as long as possibly nine months before sports can be played again.